No-Scalpel Vasectomy-Almost Painless Male Contraception

Vasectomy is the process of dividing the vas (the tube that delivers the sperm from the testis to the prostate) in order to prevent conception. It is the most common method of male contraception in this country where about 500,000 vasectomies are done each year. Since vasectomy simply interrupts the delivery of the sperm, it does not change the hormonal function of the testis and sexual drive and ability remain intact. Since most of the semen is composed of fluid from the prostate, the semen will look the same. Vasectomy is thought to be free of known long term side effects, and is considered to be the safest and most reliable method of permanent male sterilization.

The technique of the No-scalpel Vasectomy was developed in 1974 by a Chinese physician, Dr. Li Shunqiang, and has been performed on over eight million men in China.

After injecting the scrotal skin and each vas with a local anesthetic, we use a special vas-fixation clamp to encircle and firmly secure the vas without penetrating the skin. One blade of a sharp forceps or clamp is then used to penetrate the scrotal skin. The tips of the forceps are spread, opening the skin much like spreading apart the weaves of fabric. The vas is thus exposed and then lifted out and occluded by any of the standard techniques, such as cautery or sutures. The second vas is then brought through the same opening and occluded in a similar fashion. The skin wound contracts to a few millimeters and usually does not require suturing.

Compared to the traditional incisional technique, the No-Scalpel Vasectomy usually takes less time, causes less discomfort and may have lower rates of bleeding and infection. Recovery following the procedure is usually complete in two to three days. Hard work or straining (athletic pursuits or heavy lifting) is not recommended for seven days. Most patients should wait to have intercourse for a week after the procedure (You should feel no discomfort).
Common reasons given for having a vasectomy.

  1. You want to enjoy sex without worrying about pregnancy.
  2. You do not want to have more children than you can care for.
  3. Your partner has health problems that might make pregnancy difficult.
  4. You do not want to risk passing on a hereditary disease or disability.
  5. You and your partner don’t want to or can’t use other kinds of birth control.
  6. You want to save your partner from the surgery involved in having her tubes tied and you want to save the expense.

COMMON QUESTIONS ASKED AND ANSWERED ABOUT NO-SCALPEL VASECTOMY
How can I be sure that I want a vasectomy?
You must be absolutely sure that you don’t want to father a child under any circumstances. You must talk to your partner and it certainly is a good idea to make this decision together, consider other kinds of birth control and talk to friends or relatives who may have had a vasectomy. Think about how you would feel if your partner had an unplanned pregnancy. Talk to your doctor, nurse, or family planning counselor.

A vasectomy might not be right for you if you are very young, if your current relationship is not permanent, if you are having a vasectomy just to please your partner and you do not really want it, you are under a lot of stress or you are counting on being able to reverse the procedure at a later time.

How does the vasectomy prevent pregnancy?
Sperm is made in the man’s testicles. The sperm then travels from the testicle through a tube called the vas into the body where it enters the prostate gland. In the prostate, the semen is made and here the sperm mixes with the semen. The prostate is connected to the channel in the penis and hence the sperm and semen are ejaculated. In a vasectomy, the vas or tube is blocked so that sperm cannot reach the prostate to mix with the semen. Without sperm in the semen a man cannot make his partner pregnant.

What is different about a no-scalpel vasectomy?
No scalpel-vasectomy is different from a conventional vasectomy in the way that we get to the tubes or vas to block them from passing sperm out of the testicles. An improved method of anesthesia helps make the procedure less painful. In a conventional vasectomy, the physician may make one or two small cuts in the skin with a knife, and the doctor would then use sutures or stitches to close these cuts at the end of the procedure. In the no-scalpel vasectomy, instead of making two incisions, the doctor makes only one tiny puncture into the skin with a special instrument. This same instrument is used to gently stretch the skin opening so that the tubes can be reached easily. The tubes are then blocked, using the same methods as conventional vasectomy, but because of the lack of scalpel technique there is very little bleeding and no stitches are needed to close the tiny opening. This opening will heal quickly with little or no scarring. No-scalpel vasectomy was introduced in the United States in 1988 and is now used by many doctors in this country who have mastered the technique.

Reasons for having a no-scalpel vasectomy as compared to conventional vasectomy

  1. No incision with a scalpel–only a small puncture with a sharp probe
  2. Usually no stitches
  3. Usually a faster procedure
  4. Usually a faster recovery
  5. Usually less chance of bleeding and other complications
  6. Usually less discomfort
  7. Just as effective as regular vasectomy

Will it hurt?
When the local anesthetic is injected into the skin of the scrotum, vou will feel some discomfort, but as soon as it takes effect you should feel no pain or discomfort. Afterwards, you will be sore for a couple of days and may want to take a mild pain killer such as Tylenol, but the discomfort is usually less with the no-scalpel technique because of less trauma or injury~ to the scrotum and tissues. Also, there are no stitches in most cases. We will provide you with complete instructions about what to do after surgery.

How soon can I go back to work?
You should be able to do routine physical work within 48 hours after your vasectomy, and will be able to do heavy physical labor and exercise within a week.

Will the vasectomy change me sexually?
The only thing that will change is that you will not be able to make your partner pregnant. Your body will continue to produce the same hormones that give you your sex drive and maleness. You will make the same amount of semen. Vasectomy will not change your beard, muscles, sex drive, erections, climaxes or your voice. Some men say that without the worry of accidental pregnancy and the bother of other birth control methods, sex is more relaxed and enjoyable than before.

Will I be sterile right away?
No. After a vasectomy there are some active sperm left in your system. It may take a dozen to two dozen ejaculations to clear the sperm out downstream from where the vasectomy is performed. You and your partner should use other forms of birth control until we have had a chance to check your semen specimens at least twice to make sure that they are free of sperm.

Is the no-scalpel vasectomy safe?
Vasectomy in general is safe and simple. Vasectomy is an operation and all surgery has some risk such as bleeding, infection and pain, but serious problems are unusual. There is always a small chance of the tubes rejoining themselves, and this is the reason that sperm checks are necessary. There have been some controversies in the past about the long-term effects of vasectomy, but to our knowledge there are no long-term risks to vasectomy.

How long will the no-scalpel vasectomy take?
It depends on the surgeon, but on average, the operation lasts between fifteen to thirty minutes.

When can I start having sex again?
As a rule, we suggest waiting a week before having intercourse. Remember, however, that the vasectomy only divides the vas and has no effect on the sperm that are already beyond that point. IT IS IMPORTANT NOT TO HAVE UNPROTECTED INTERCOURSE UNTIL THE ABSENCE OF SPERM FROM THE EJACULATE HAS BEEN CONFIRMED WITH TWO (2) NEGATIVE SPERM CHECKS TWO WEEKS APART.

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8 Responses to “No-Scalpel Vasectomy-Almost Painless Male Contraception”

  1. ToddTheWetSprocket Says:

    I can’t even imagine a world where a “painless” vasectomy exists. I got a close ended slash and burn, and months of pain have basically ruined my life. Got it 5 months ago, and tried to mow the lawn yesterday, but had to stop, just too much walking. My abdomen was hurting the left testicle felt like 1000 pounds.

    • neilbaum Says:

      I am sorry to hear that you had that experience. If you had the no-scalpel vasectomy, that post operative discomfort would most likely not have occurred. I can reassure that “this too shall pass” and if you give it a little more time, you will be just fine and there will be no sperm in your ejaculate!

  2. Kartika C. Mishra Says:

    I am planning to under go vasectomy. But there are some fears in my mind, they are : 1) Can I enjoy sex with same amount of pleasure as i get now during intercourse? 2) Will there be any decrease in amount of sperm ejaculation ? 3) Will it cause erectile dysfunction ? 4) Will it cause any mental worries ?4) Can I satisfy my sex partner with the same vigor as I do now. 5) Will this affect my and my partners sexual life.?
    Please give me proper guidance so that I can take the right decision.

    With Thanks.

    • neilbaum Says:

      Chronic pain after a vasectomy is uncommon. Reports of chronic pain after a vasectomy are about 1\1000 procedures. That’s a reasonable risk to have the comfort of not having any unwanted children. Life is tradeoff and vasectomy is no different.

      Sperm granuloma
      A small, potentially uncomfortable, bead-like structure made of leaked sperm that may develop at the site where the tube was cut and blocked (1/500). This is usually not uncomfortable, but causes a small lump. There is no danger and should resolve itself over time.
      Post Vasectomy Pain Syndrome
      A very rare complication of a persisting dull ache in the testicle where the inflammation does not settle down. It may resolve on its own or may need another surgical procedure 1/1000).

  3. Joe Says:

    Hi Doc,
    Quick question for you if you have time. I got a vasectomy about 5 years ago. It has been nothing but trouble for me since. I have been generally diagnosed with congestive epidiymitis. It mostly causes me grief post “relations” for several days via some nausea, tingling up and down my leg and general malaise such as difficulty concentrating and sort of being in a fog. I am starting fresh with a new family dr. after many docs simply telling me a vasectomy could not be causing me all this grief. Based on some internet searching, it looks like there is a nice chunk of guys with post vasectomy troubles. What is your take on it, and if you were in my shoes, how would you approach a new physician with this information? I am tired of feeling crappy for days after sex, and frankly its alarming that I still have issues 5 years later. The first year was torture, but at least has improved, but this is getting crazy!
    Thanks for your opinion.
    JP

    • neilbaum Says:

      I would obtain another opinion from a second or if necessary a third urologist. If possible, I would find a doctor that does several hundred procedures each year as he\she will have the experience to manage your complication.

  4. tilakahuja Says:

    Nice job on vasectomy. These are very good figures and far better than men could expect decades ago when vasectomy was usually considered to be a permanent form of contraception.

  5. rajesh Says:

    I had vasectomy almost four years back, but now i want to have kids with my second wife. Is that possible?. please help me

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