You may wonder how the decision is made to making the next appointment for a patient. Is there a book, or now a website with guidelines, that guide physicians on when to make the patients’ next appointments? No, there is not. It is not something we learn in medical school but is something that is part of the art of medicine. Some patients really need to be seen in a few days or a few weeks such as the patient with a urinary tract infection where the urine has to be checked to be sure the infection has cleared even after the symptoms have subsided. Then there is the asymptomatic patient who is on no medications and probably needs to be seen only for a screening annual or even a biannual exam. Then there is the majority that fall somewhere in the middle of those two extremes.
What if you had diabetes, coronary disease, hypertension, high cholesterol, and sleep apnea, but no symptoms to indicate any acute problems? You’d probably see your primary doctor fairly routinely (mostly for management of diabetes) and maybe your cardiologist every six months or so.
Here’s the big question: When you’re coasting along pretty well with no actively changing symptoms but with chronic medical problems, how often do you need to see your doctors? Let’s take the example above: with those particular problems, should you see your cardiologist yearly, biannually, quarterly, monthly, or what? In the non-hypothetical world a patient’s follow-up is likely to be dictated by the doctor and set at the end of each appointment. “Okay, Mrs. X, it looks like you’re doing well. Let’s plan to see you again in 6 months.”
How does the doctor know when to see you next? There are a few ground rules to take into consideration. The pharmaceutical industry doesn’t allow us to write prescriptions with refills that extend past 12 months, and many clinics have a policy of not providing new prescriptions after the 12-month mark unless they’ve at least laid eyes on the patient (apparently to make sure the patient is indeed alive), and so most people with chronic problems will likely have to be seen at least once a year. It is amazing how many men using erectile dysfunction drugs will keep that annual appointment in order to obtain a refill of their medications! The other ground rule is common sense.
So, routine follow-up will most likely fall somewhere between “less often than weekly” and “at least once yearly or more frequently.” But within those limits, as a doctor I’m pretty much free to choose whatever I like.
I don’t know how other doctors do it, but I like to burden healthy patients with as few doctor visits as possible, so I mostly try to set my return appointments for a year. This works well for most people, but there are clearly exceptions. I see a lot of men with prostate cancer. Many of them are on medications to decrease the testosterone level and receive injections every 3-6 months. If it is possible, I try to convert these men to injections that can be given once a year. Most of the men with prostate cancer like the idea of getting a yearly injection and coming in every six months for a blood test, a PSA level. However, there are some men that want that more often and I allow them to make appointments to be seen more frequently. This, again, is where the art of medicine is used to guide how often a patient returns for an appointment.
There are patients with certain conditions like bladder cancer that should have a cystoscopy or look into their bladder with a lighted tube every 3 months. This guideline is written in all urologic textbooks and is good medicine to see these patients on a frequent basis.
I commonly ask certain patients to see me more frequently. Any patient who is on medications that is having side effects is asked to come back more frequently until I can get the dosage or the medication straightened out that provides them with the beneficial effect and with manageable side effects.
Bottom Line: How often should you be seeing your doctor? I have no clue. Between you and your doctor you’ll come up with some type of balance that works. Just understand that none of this is written in stone….i.e., a kidney stone!
This blog was inspired and modified from a blog by Dr. Eric Van de Graaf, which appeared in Patient on January 17, 2011.